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Second Thoughts Game #62: Cleveland 8, Texas 3

Second Thoughts Game #62: Cleveland 8, Texas 3
David Murphy congratulates Jason Kipnis after scoring on a sacrifice fly. (Photo: AP)
June 8, 2014
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The Indians offense is trying to stay hot, and the Arlington weather is too willing to oblige.

After a 4-6 loss on Friday, Cleveland's 8-3 victory over Texas on Saturday might appear to be a substantial fluctuation. However, given the quality of opposing pitching, comparing Friday's matchup against Yu Darvish with Saturday's matchup against depth starter Nick Tepesch, as well as the base-runner totals in each game, 14 on Friday compared to 16 on Saturday, and the underlying numbers suggest that consistency has come to the offense, even if the runs - as they frequently are - remain less so.

Cleveland Starter Josh Tomlin (8 IP, 3 R/ER, 7 H, 0 BB, 5 K, 105 pitches, 72 strikes, 9 SwStr) put up another characteristic performance, proving himself curious and effective; he was not curiously effective, however, as his 2014 success have clear causes that, even if they weren't forecasted, indicate unprecedented sustainability for his success.

The New Tomlin

Spring Training numbers frequently portend either little or nothing: barring a select handful of stats, spring training numbers mean very little. The two stats that do have something like predictive power are walk and strikeout rates - in these stats, Josh Tomlin showed a completely uncharacteristic strikeout competency, whiffing 19 in 20.1 IP, the 32nd-highest total among all spring training participants.

Regardless of one's own evaluations of Tomlin holistically, Josh Tomlin has never been a strikeout pitcher. Josh Tomlin had a distinct skill set that got him to the major leagues, and strikeouts were not a part of it. A 4.92 K/9 in his first 343.2 innings in the majors (that is, his debut until the end of 2013) is no one's idea of a strikeout pitcher. To compensate for that, his walk rate needed to be pristine; entering 2014, his 1.7 BB/9 was good, but the question was whether it would be good enough to compensate for Tomlin's inability to strikeout batters and deliver a league-average performance. Based on most predictive pitching metrics, only an improvement in strikeout or walk rate would have effected an improvement in overall performance.

So it was spoken; so it came to be. Tomlin's control had frequently been perceived as elite, though up until 2014, that perception had well oversold his actual achievements; it had been merely a very good 1.7 BB/9 up until 2014, a rate insufficient to compensate for his strikeout rate. Thus far in 2014, however, reality has caught up that reputation: Tomlin's 1.12 BB/9 is now fifth among all major league pitchers with 40+ IP.

Tomlin's current walk rate is necessary to counteract what was, through the end of 2013, one of the worst strikeout rates in the majors. Josh Tomlin's rather shocking improvement in this regard, up to 7.81 K/9, only help .

Even before the start of the season, Josh Tomlin's slow curve was fearsome; the difficulty, however, came from its typical inability to generate whiffs; this fact continued even into 2013. Tomlin's curveball had had tremendous movement before 2014, yet even early in the year, his curve had not induced whiffs at a rate one would expect, given its extreme drop - through the end of May, the pitch induced whiffs at only an 8.2% rate. That rate was below-average among all pitches as a whole, and quite poor for an out pitch (albeit an out pitch that Tomlin has thrown quite effectively for strikes).

June, however, has seen the pitch thrown for increased effectiveness as a whiff-inducing pitch. Contrasted with May's 8.2% rate, Tomlin's hammer has induced twelve whiffs over its 35 uses for a 34.3% whiff rate - an extremely good rate in absolute terms, not merely relative to Tomlin's past. While Tomlin's previous outing, on May 26th against the White Sox, gathered eight strikeouts on only seven swinging strikes - a feat extremely difficult to replicate - Tomlin's June 1st outing saw 10 swinging strikes accompanying his 8 strikeouts, a much healthier rate indicative of continued high-strikeout performances.

While Tomlin's five strikeouts over his eight innings Saturday was one of his worse strikeout performances as of late, he missed bats at a completely serviceable clip. This fact, in addition to the complete lack of walks allowed and the good fortune necessary for a flyballer like Tomlin to not allow a home run at a start in Arlington, led to a performance that was even better in fielding-independent terms than the 3 ER over 8 IP; given Tomlin's performance before 2013, one should not believe his strikeout rate will remain above-average; if he can continue to approximate his current walk rate, however, Josh Tomlin won't need to.

The Still-Enigmatic Carlos Santana

Including Saturday's 2-2 performance with 2 BBs and 1 HR, Carlos Santana is hitting .171. When he puts the ball in play, Santana is hitting .181, the worst clip among all qualified batters. Saying 'Carlos Santana has hit poorly' is one of the least-controversial comments one can make about Indians' hitters.

Despite his struggle on balls in play, Santana's wRC+ is 99; in other words, Santana's offense is almost exactly average, fuelled almost entirely by the fact that Santana's walk rate, at 20.2% of his plate appearances, is the highest in the majors.

None of this information is new, of course: Santana has always had trouble on balls in play. As a lefty, his pull tendencies were far too pronounced to not be exploited by the shift. Santana's walk rates have always been extremely high. His offense on Saturday, instrumental in Cleveland's victory, was composed primarily of a two-run home run, but equally critically, of two walks and a pulled line drive single. Yet his 2014 has taken Santana's already unusual offensive profile to new and absurd (Sisyphian?) heights. To wit:

  • Santana's OBP (.342) is now twice as high as his batting average (.171).
  • His on-base percentage is .025 higher than league average despite a batting average .029 below the Mendoza line.
  • His Slugging Percentage minus BA, known as Isolated power (.155, lg. avg. .141) is now closer to his batting average than is his batting average to the Mendoza line.
  • If a pitcher only faced Carlos Santana with his 46 Ks, 46 BBs, and 7 HRs and 149 outs made, that pitcher would have a FIP of 5.81.

The explanation for Santana's batting average struggles are fairly simple, and they have been: he's hit fewer line drives on the year, he has been very heavily-shifted as a pull-happy left-hander, and he's gotten unlucky. The first and last are very likely to reverse themselves in fairly short order, but his pull tendencies as a lefty make a league average batting average on balls in play highly unlikely.

That said, Carlos Santana has never needed a league-average BABIP to serve as a net benefit for the offense. His 2013 season had a league average BABIP and saw him become one of the better offensive players in the league. Rebounding to career numbers leaves Santana a very good holistic offensive player, and given the way the rest of the lineup has responded in the past week, particularly in Texas on both Friday and Saturday, 'holistically good' is enough to make the 2014 Indians offense as scary as advertised.

John can be reached on Twitter at @JHGrimmHe can also be reached by e-mail at

User Comments

June 8, 2014 - 11:34 PM EDT
Shy - Santana has the highest walk rate in baseball and you want runners on first to steal every time he's up? If Santana walks after a steal, that means that the steal was pointless, thus creating unnecessary risk. You want to steal to get into scoring position for a batter who hits a lot of singles, not one who either walks or hits a home run.
June 8, 2014 - 3:32 PM EDT
There is nothing enigmatic about Santana except why Tito keeps running him out there. Kipnis on first, chance for a good start in Texas, Santana hits into a double play. He has to be one the easiest hitters in the big league to get to roll over on a curve or slider and hit into a weak double play. He's almost automatic. Francona should have a rule. If you're on first with less than two out and Santana is up, you're running. Unless you're last name is Molina you're running. Stuck on stupid, both Santana and the coaches. I'm freakin' tired of it.
June 8, 2014 - 2:22 PM EDT
Tomlin has always been a pitch to contact guy- you generally don't end up striking out a lot of guys unless you throw hard, have great movement, can subtract, and get hitters to commit early to pitches that have surprise endings. Maddox was a pitch to contact guy, hardly walked anybody and also could generate a fair amount of whiffs but was never regarded a strikeout pitcher. Tomlin's healthy, at the top his game, and he is the most reliable, if not the most dazzling, pitcher in the rotation. Santana is a DH, he is not a dependable first or third baseman or catcher on a contending team. So who has a DH that walks alot instead of driving in runners, and hits a buck seventy? Nobody but the Indians. Funny what happens when you take the two swing hard in case you hit it batters- Santana and Swisher out of the lineup- you move up 3 places in the standings.
MT88 in WI
June 8, 2014 - 12:17 PM EDT
Yes Art, you have piloted the bandwagon for Tomlin while I served as co pilot. I'm glad josh is back healthy and being effective.

Looking to next year, it will be interesting to see rotation order with Kluber, Bauer, Tomlin and the others in the mix...
June 8, 2014 - 12:07 PM EDT
It's also funny that Santana's OBP is 52 points higher than Aviles'.
June 8, 2014 - 12:03 PM EDT
The Tomlin fastball velocity increase is a myth. Per fangraphs' pitch f/xs numbers, Tomlin was averaging 89.3 mph on his fastball in 2012, pre-surgery, he's at 88.7 this year. So pretty much the same. Tomlin has said he's able to get more extension now and finish the curveball and cutter better now that he's pitching pain-free, so he's able to throw his cutter to both sides of the plate and command the curve.
June 8, 2014 - 11:56 AM EDT
I have been on the Tomlin bandwagon for five years now, and have felt that he'd be a very competent major league starting pitcher for quite a few years. I thought he'd be the kind of guy who would win 12 or so games a year, and pitch 65% or more quality starts a year. I never thought he'd be an All Star guy or a pitcher who threw shutouts, but I thought he'd consistently give you 6 or 7 innings and give up a few runs pretty consistently.

Unlike a lot of posters, I think fastball speed is significantly overrated, and I absolutely love pitchers who can effectively change speeds and have great control. I'll take those guys, like Tomlin, any day of the week over those 95+ MPH guys who have difficulty with location and make 100 pitches in 5 or less innings.
June 8, 2014 - 11:42 AM EDT
The Indians have won 5 of the 7 games Tomlin(son) started, and his ERA in May was 3.04. His emergence as a solid and dependable starter has been a huge positive for the Tribe, especially in light of Salazar and McAllister getting hurt and Carrasco flaming out as a starter, not to mention the departures of Ubaldo and Kazmir in free agency.

It just goes to prove you can never have too many starters. Who'd have thought last September that House would be in the rotation?
June 8, 2014 - 11:19 AM EDT
Hasn't Tomlinson seen up tick in velocity? If so, has that made the curve more effective?

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